Minna No Nihongo Lesson 46 Grammar
V dictionary form
The wordところ originally means “place”, but it is also used to indicate a temporal position. The ところthat you learn in this lesson is the latter and is used to stress a certain point in time during the course of action.
1) V dictionary formところです
This sentence pattern shows that a person is about to start doing something or something is about to start. It may be used together with これから, [ちょうど]いまから, etc., which makes the meaning clearer.
Have you had lunch yet?
No, I’m going to have it now.
Has the meeting begun yet?
No, it’s just beginning now.
This sentence pattern shows that a person is now doing a certain action or a certain action is now being done. It is often used with いま.
Do you know what caused the breakdown?
No. We are investigating now.
3) Vた-form ところです
This sentence pattern shows that a person has just finished a certain action or a certain action has just been completed. It is used together with たったいま, etc.
Is Ms. Watanabe here?
Oh, she’s just left.
She may be somewhere near the elevator.
The bus left just now.[Note] ～ところですis a noun sentence and is used in various structures. See this sentence below.
Hello. This is Tanaka speaking. May I talk to you now?
Sorry. I’m just going out.
This sentence pattern means that not much time has passed since a certain action or event occurred. It is the expression of the speaker’s feeling and can be used regardless of the real length of time that has passed if the speaker feels it is short. In this respect, this sentence pattern is different from Vた-formところです, which can only indicate the time when a certain action has just been completed.
I had lunch only a while ago.
Ms. Kimura joined this company only a month ago.[Note] ～ばかりですis a noun sentence and is used in various structures. See this sentence below.
I bought this video only a week ago, but it isn’t working well.
V dictionary form
The speaker uses this sentence pattern to show he/she is convinced of what is stated before はずです. By using this sentence pattern, the speaker implies that he/she has grounds to think so, that it is his/her own judgement, and that he/she is quite sure of it.
Do you think Mr. Miller will come today?
I’m sure he’ll come. I received a phone call from him yesterday.
In (*), the grounds for the speaker’s judgement is yesterday’s phone call. Based on this call, the speaker himself judges that Mr. Miller will come today. The speaker shows his/her firm belief in this judgement by using ～はずです.